The Saguenay fjord
The Saguenay Fjord Provincial Park
Saguenay St-Lawrence Marine Park
A fjord is a glacier valley filled with water with tides can rise up to 6 meters. The Saguenay Fjord is unique due to its marine life and its 108 km lenght, that expands from Chicoutimi to Tadoussac. Fjord en Kayak operates in L'Anse-Saint-Jean at mid distance between both cities.
The seven villages around the fjord are host to the SAGUENAY FJORD PROVINCIAL PARK. As the waters of the fjord, the water make up an important part of the SAGUENAY-ST-LAWRENCE MARINE PARK.
1,2 millions years ago, four glaciations periods followed one another and dug out the fault making up the glacier valley known as the fjord today. These geological transformations are engraved in the landscape of this beautiful region, creating an abrupt cliff rising up to 400 meters, plateaus and sharp-edged peaks.
The Saguenay fjord averages 2 kilometers in width and 270 meters in depth. At the mouth of the Saguenay River, in Tadoussac, the river is obstructed by a glacial bolt, permitting only a thin layer of water of approximately 20 meters through.
The top level of the fjord's water is fresh water and its temperature can rise up to 18 celsius in summer. Some forty rivers as well as the Lake St-Jean (40 km of diameter) feed the fresh water of the fjord. This stream of fresh water floats on the deeper saltwater that is at once more salted and colder down to 4 degrees celsius as the Artic stream. The Saguenay Fjord hosts an ecosystem of fresh water floating on an ecosystem of saltwater. This exceptional dual ecosystem allows the cohabitation of an Arctic animal-life with other species that live in a more moderate climate.
A choice of rustic camp sites or cottages for sea kayakers and hikers. Since 2015, a spectacular via ferrata is available at Rivière-Éternité.
Created in 1998, the marine park is the result of both governments coordination, Quebec and Canada.
Their mission is to protect both ecosystems of the Saguenay Fjord and the St-Lawrence estuary.